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ESA declares Galileo 7 and 8 fully operational

December 4, 2015  - By
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News from the European Space Agency

Having completed their rigorous checks in space, two more of Europe’s Galileo satellites are now fully operational, broadcasting navigation signals and relaying search and rescue messages from across the globe.

Galileo 7 and 8 were launched on March 27 from Europe’s Spaceport in French Guiana. Once the satellites were nursed to life in orbit, their navigation payloads underwent a lengthy test campaign.

This involved assessing that the satellites themselves were performing as planned and meshing with the worldwide Galileo ground network.

Galileo's 20-m IOT L-band antenna is the largest dish at ESA's Redu ground station.

Galileo’s 20-m IOT L-band antenna is the largest dish at ESA’s Redu ground station.

The satellites’ secondary search and rescue payloads were also put to the test, picking up and relaying UHF signals from distress beacons as part of the international Cospas–Sarsat system.

Radio-frequency measurements were made from ESA’s Redu centre in Belgium. The site boasts a 20 m-diameter dish to analyse Galileo signals in great detail. Last but not least, security testing has ensured that Galileo’s Public Regulated Service – a maximum precision service restricted to authorised users – is as secure as required.

“These latest two operational Galileos are the third and the fourth Full Operational Capability satellites,” said David Sanchez-Cabezudo, ESA’s Galileo In-Orbit Test Manager.

“These are the versions that will make up the bulk of the Galileo constellation in space, with 16 satellites still to be launched.

“The checks carried out from the Galileo Control Centres in Oberpfaffenhofen in Germany and Fucino in Italy, as well as from Redu, prove the performance of these two satellites is excellent for navigation purposes.

“New onboard features such as seamlessly swapping between the different atomic clocks – a unique feature in global satnav systems – has been verified, which translates into more robust navigation services.”

Soyuz launches Galileo 9 and 10 into orbit on Sept.10. (Credit: Arianespace)

Liftoff of Soyuz ST-B flight VS11 carrying Galileo satellites 7 and 8, March 27 at 22:46 GMT, from Europe’s Spaceport in French Guiana.

The first pair of full satellites was placed in incorrect orbits in 2014 by a malfunction of their Soyuz launcher’s upper stage, but the elongated orbits have since been modified so that the navigation payloads can perform as planned. The European Commission is set to make a decision on whether they will be employed as part of the Galileo constellation.

The second pair, launched in March, was inserted into the correct orbits. September’s third pair, also in the correct orbits and undergoing payload testing, should enter service early next year.

The latest twins have arrived in French Guiana, aiming for a Soyuz launch on Dec. 17. The intention is to have those satellites ready to enter the operational constellation by next spring.

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