Expert Opinions: OEM R&D budget for mitigation of jamming

August 8, 2016  - By
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Q: What percent of a GNSS designer or manufacturer’s R&D budget should be devoted to mitigation of jamming?

MIchael Ritter, President & CEO, Novatel Inc.

MIchael Ritter, President & CEO, Novatel Inc.

A: Solving for jamming, intentional or unintentional, in the design of any GNSS technology platform is no longer an option. How much any one company spends is largely a function of how much is spent on engineering overall and of how much has already been invested upfront on jamming mitigation. The required level of jamming resistance of any PNT solution also depends very much on the particular application, which in turn influences the budget allocated.


Jeff Martin, Director, GPS/GNSS Sales,  Spirent Federal

Jeff Martin, Director GPS/GNSS Sales,
Spirent Federal

A: GNSS jamming is a growing concern, and an assessment of risks and an element of testing against the most applicable real world threats should be included as part of every developer’s engineering process. Spirent has decades of experience in providing test equipment and services to engineers working to understand and mitigate jamming threats. We have seen increased investment by designers and integrators of PNT systems that are driven to provide robust/resilient solutions to their customers.


Andrey Soloviev, Principal, Qunav

Andrey Soloviev, Principal, Qunav

A: While some receivers already incorporate jamming protection (e.g., CW excision), more sophisticated methods (for example, against broad-band jamming and spoofing) should be incorporated into perspective products. The percentage of R&D budget depends on a line of business. For manufactures pursuing applications such as military and critical infrastructure, the number can be as high as 50 percent. For many civilian applications a potential impact of jamming is less damaging. Yet, from 10 percent to 20 percent should be still allocated.

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